This course studies the main theological movements and some of the major Roman Catholic theologians of the twentieth century leading up to the Second Vatican Council. The focus will be on the nineteenth century notion of development in theology (Möhler, Scheeben), Modernism (Tyrrell, Loisy, Petre) and La nouvelle théologie (de Lubac, Congar, Rahner, Schillebeeckx, etc.). Attention will be given throughout the course to other influential renewal movements of the twentieth century (Biblical, Liturgical, Lay, Social Action, Missionary and Ecumenical) especially as they helped to prepare the way for Vatican II. Lectures and seminars. Students will be evaluated based on active and informed class participation and three shorter summary papers. Advanced Degree students, in addition to additional readings, will be required to write a longer final paper and facilitate one seminar presentation.
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